A swirling galaxy of Northern Shovelers feeding
Inspiration can come when I least expect it. The winter day was gray and dry, and cold for Seattle, with temperatures hovering around 25°F. Ice was forming where small waves lapped against the shore of Green Lake, one of my favorite places to get some exercise when visiting the big city. But I was cold today and couldn’t get up the gumption to go jogging, so I took my camera for a bird walk.
The crows were having a convention, and looked strikingly sinister when silhouetted against a gray sky. I found some tiny birds foraging in the birch trees along the waterfront; several ladies stopped and asked what the tiny birds were; I wasn’t sure yet, because they were moving rapidly and were a little ways away from me. One of the women thought they were Bushtits, which I had seen in this location on my last trip to Green Lake, but it turned out that they were Golden-crowned Kinglets, feeding and in constant motion among the birch branches. They were so fast that they were extremely difficult to photograph.
Crows high in a birch tree, facing into the wind
Then a couple from Boston came up and asked if I had seen the big bird with the long legs standing in the water. I hadn’t, but I explained that it was almost certainly a Great Blue Heron. Almost immediately, an enthusiastic young woman came up, pushing her baby in a stroller, and asked if I would like to see the picture she had just taken on her iPhone. I said I would, and she had a good photo of what was probably the same heron. I asked where she had seen it, and she pointed across the bay to “where the ducks are.” Since I wanted to see the ducks, and they were not floating on this cold and windy part of the lake, I decided to head that way. I stopped at my car to pick up a layer of puffy down, because I was getting chilled.
When I reached the dock near the community center, I noticed a lot of Northern Shoveler ducks intensely feeding, and thought that someone was illegally tossing bread to the waterfowl. Then I realized that the ducks were crowded together in three clusters, each group swirling around in a tight circular pattern. I estimated that there were between 50 and 100 birds in each circle, so it was a lot of ducks engaging in a behavior I had never seen before.
At this point my sense of wonder kicked into high gear, and I wanted to know more. Northern Shoveler ducks have a disproportionately large and spoon-shaped bill, which is structured for surface feeding. Their mouth anatomy reminds me of baleen whales in the way they filter tiny plants and animals from the water. Typically, I see a Northern Shoveler motoring along, with its bill just under the surface, busily gathering its food as it swims. But I had never seen shovelers working together while feeding.
Northern Shoveler male feeding in a typical manner, with its bill just below the surface; with this behavior, it filters small plants and animals from the surface
In contrast, this group of Northern Shoveler ducks was feeding communally; there must be some advantages to clustering and feeding together
Apparently the circular motion stirs up the water and sediments, and I suspect that it generates a current that brings food from the bottom mud toward the surface. This kind of current has been scientifically demonstrated in the feeding behavior of phalaropes–a small bird that must make itself dizzy spinning in circles on the surface of the water. Perhaps the action of many shovelers working together can create a similar effect.
This shoveler behavior has, of course, been described before, but it was new to me and perhaps not commonly seen, at least with so many birds at once. A fellow blogger, Greg Gillson, described it in this entry: Feeding Habits of the Northern Shoveler. And I saw one video on youtube of three shovelers engaged in the same behavior, going ’round and ’round and ’round.
My challenge in the field was to show the behavior through photography. I snapped a few photographs to record the scene, but quickly realized that freezing the action in a quick shot did not show the pattern of movement and was not an artistic portrayal of the ducks. I decided to concentrate on long exposures to blur the movement of the ducks, but hopefully record the sense of motion. It worked! The motion shots told the scientific story of the feeding behavior, but were also beautiful in their own right. The form reminds me of the spiral shapes of galaxies.
These two photographs show the difference between freezing the motion and using a longer exposure to show the motion
When I am photographing, I constantly face choices like this, and my analytical left-brain and artistic right-brain skills have to work together to solve a problem. When successful, the pictures can tell an effective story.
I ended up really liking the motion shots; I took nearly 300 images while experimenting with the rapidly changing composition and while trying different shutter speeds
One of my Golden-crowned Kinglet photographs that started the afternoon
Crows noisily flushing from a battered tree that seemed somehow perfectly appropriate
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11 thoughts on “GALAXIES OF DUCKS: Science and Telling a Story”
It’s very interesting, impressive spinning motion… Thanks for share!
Lee – I am the lady that thought they were bushtits in the Birch – I thought I heard kinglets but the one I saw seemed more bushtit-like. Should have taken more time! That is a fabulous photo and I know how hard it was to get it. I just joined Tweeters so I got your link there. Love your previous silk-ice post. You might like my blog about the oak woodland community in Oregon’s Willamette Valley. My photography is not up to your high standards, but our interests are similar. I live near Greenlake so would love to watch birds with you if you are in the neighborhood.
It was nice chatting with you along the trail at Green Lake. I tried clicking on the link to your blog here, but the link claimed it didn’t exist, so maybe I’m doing something wrong. My wife and I both enjoy birding, so perhaps we could indeed link up with you at Green Lake sometime.
Try this http://gophervalleyjrnl.wordpress.com there is a contact form there.
Hi, I really enjoyed your blog and its clear love of natural history. I added a link to it from my blog.
Thanks so much! Be sure to let me know if you are in Seattle
Reblogged this on domaintower.
You’re magical. I’m dizzy.
Date: Sat, 8 Feb 2014 01:30:55 +0000 To: firstname.lastname@example.org
It reminds me of the merry-go-rounds I used to play on as a child and, yes, I got really dizzy!
Interesting images . . . I enjoyed the swirling ride